The Unintended Reformation
Gregory, B. S. (2012). The unintended Reformation: How a religious revolution secularized society (p. 74). Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
This study essentially adds another important dimension to the character of expanded reason, one integral to any serious anthropological account of human beings and to any robust theological consideration of Christianity as a religious tradition built around the conviction of God’s entrance into time and history through the incarnation. The Unintended Reformation not only seeks to show the interconnectedness of different sorts of knowledge to one another, preserving an openness to metaphysical transcendence and objective morality while acknowledging the ﬁndings of all the natural sciences. In addition, the study accounts historically for how we have arrived at a situation in which something like the Expanded Reason Awards are necessary as a corrective to a diminished, reductionist account of reason and reality (a world in which it is widely but wrongly thought that metaphysical naturalism is true and that ever) increasing scientiﬁc knowledge provides ever more evidence for it; that all morality and meaning is subjective and constructed; and that human beings are and can be nothing more than the accidental products of biological evolution on an insigniﬁcant planet. The challenge of expanded reason is not simply structural (“How are the sciences related to the humanities, philosophy, and theology?”) but also historical: “How have we arrived at a moment in time in which the different domains of human knowledge have been severed from each other and their relationship to one another is widely regarded as problematic?” And it is this historical, narrative dimension of expanded reason, a dimension inextricable from anthropological and theological considerations fundamental to Roman Catholicism, that I develop in The Unintended Reformation.