Coincidence, synchronicity or symbiosis?
Coincidence, synchronicity or symbiosis? Catholicism and the work of the ilo. Madrid, Dykinson 2015. ISSN: 2341-135X
This study tests the assumption that if Catholic Social Teaching (CST), and the pronouncements of the International Labor Organization (ILO) evidence striking similarities, that each must have learned from or been swayed by the other. It reviews to what extent there has been a conscious link between the secular and the theological, and whether what appears to be synchronicity are on closer examination merely self-contained processes of development, reacting independently of the other to conditions in society, such that perceived parallelisms are coincidence or the selective categorizing of linked though not necessarily interdependent concepts or normative responses to societal pressures. The conclusion is drawn that perceived synchronicity between CST and the ILO during the past hundred years has revealed itself to be substantive symbiosis. There has been more than a dialogue between the lLO and the Church; in the ﬁeld of Labor Rights and the good of the human person and of society which flows from those rights. Each has reflected in philosophical and theological terms on the work and spirit of the other. What has been thought by scholars to be the incompatibility of secular human rights and a theologi- cal perspective proves to be nothing of the kind. The ILO and the Church when contemplating the rights of the laborer have not merely reacted in similar ways to similar situations. They have not simply collaborated. They have encourage and supported each other, bridging disciplines which on ﬁrst glance appear to be sealed off from one another, each in its airtight box. They have a sense of destiny in common, and over the past century have a shared history. They have coalesced.